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Blockchain - Hype oder real?


6.485,17
20:56:30
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Nachdem ich bereits 2011 erstmals über Bitcoin gefallen war und nach erster Euphorie für mich -zu dem möglicherweise falschen- Schluß gekommen bin, dass dass nichts nachhaltig Bedeutendes werden wird, lese ich zunehmend Artikel über Blockchain-Anwendungen, die unabhängig von der Spezialapplikation Bitcoin sind.

Da das Potential für Potential groß zu sein schient, will ich mal einen Thread eröffnen, in dem darüber diskutiert werden kann und hänge ihn -for lack of a better idea- an Bitcoin an.


Ich verstehe bis heute nicht genau, was das eigentlich Besondere an Blockchain-Technologie ist, aber vielleicht kann mir auch da jemand anderes weiterhelfen?
Antwort auf Beitrag Nr.: 55.331.575 von R-BgO am 15.07.17 18:43:54
Beispiel
für das was ich meine:

TUI glaubt, dass man mit Blockchain-Technologie die ganzen middlemen im Reisebereich killen kann https://skift.com/2017/07/11/blockchain-will-disrupt-expedia… UND handelt entsprechend (Verkauf Hotelbeds).
Antwort auf Beitrag Nr.: 55.331.575 von R-BgO am 15.07.17 18:43:54gib mal in youtube ein: Dr. Julian Hosp. Sind Beiträge dabei die alles erklären. empfehlenswert
https://blog.neue-energiewelt.de/2017/07/11/blockchain-als-b…


Auszug:

"Und in der Blockchaintechnik hat Deutschland derzeit eine gute Position, es gilt diese zu stärken und aufzubauen – um nicht in 20 Jahren wieder einer verlorenen Technik hinterher zu heulen.

Die Politik beginnt Regeln auch für Blockchain zu machen. In den USA hat der Bundesstaat Delaware nun die Abwicklung von Börsengeschäften auf Blockchain- Systembasis erlaubt: Link und Japan hat den Bitcoin offiziell zum legalen Zahlungsmittel erklärt: Link

Man sieht, wie schnell damit traditionelle Börsen vollkommen neue Wettbewerber bekommen können. Diese bringen mit der Technik jede erforderliche Transparenz und gleichzeitig neue Strukturen in Umsetzung und Eigentum. Das Ganze gerechnet auf tausenden von Rechnern in aller Welt – ganz ohne Zentrale."
Winding Tree
will den Reisebereich aufmischen: https://windingtree.com

Muss gestehen, dass ich kaum verstehe, wie das konkret gehen soll...
Getting closer:
https://www.tnooz.com/article/the-emperors-new-chains-blockc…


Since Bitcoin first appeared in 2008 people have been looking for the next ‘killer application’ for the technology that made it possible: Blockchain.

Bitcoin’s cryptocurrency magic has fuelled the hype behind Blockchain, but this hype belies a shallow understanding of what Blockchain can and can’t do.

...

However, the real problem is that what passes for an explanation of Blockchain in articles outlining its ‘potential to change everything’ often demonstrates limited insight into what it fundamentally does.

A random sample of articles reveals that Blockchain works because it is: ‘decentralized’, ‘secure’ and ‘can be read by anyone’ – which is interesting and mostly true, but it’s not the reason it can do its ‘magic trick’ and points to the real problem in all this: if you don’t understand what a technology does, how can you create or evaluate use cases for it?

...

But the trouble is that you can’t make decisions about Blockchain based on analogy. If you have a sense that DLTs such as Blockchain are secure, distributed databases that can remove middlemen, then you look for instances in your industry that seem to match that description, without understanding if the specific use case truly makes sense.

In the second part of this Blockchain series, I will explain in detail as to how Blockchain works and its origins, but for now, it will be enough to understand these necessary attributes for any given implementation:

*Fully distributed data
*An immutable record of transactions
*No central governing or issuing authority
*Incentivised participants who ‘mine’ or ‘forge’ blocks (confirm transactions, ensure integrity of the ‘chain’)
*A reliance on no single entity controlling 50% or more of the network
*Inherently slow performance
*Heavy resource usage


Some of the above list may surprise you, particularly the last two. To allow Blockchain to do its magic it will by necessity be comparably slower and heavier on CPU usage than other technologies. It will also need participants who are actively willing to spend money and time collecting transactions into blocks, then run resource-heavy algorithms over them so they can be added to the chain.

This is not a limitation of current implementations or existing hardware, these are core attributes of how a Blockchain works.


There are variations out there and some iterations have a better performance than others, but removing certain key features means it is no longer a Blockchain and can no longer do the ‘magic trick’ that got everyone so excited about it in the first place.


Taking flight in travel

So, where in the travel industry does Blockchain fit? Where could we use a slow, resource-hungry database that you can’t alter and which requires an incentivised network of users in order for it to work?
Some of the more realistic uses may be closer to governance, administration, identity management and security rather than a disruptive change to existing B2C business models.

The ability to guarantee the provenance of something with transparent and distributed data that (for the most part) can be confirmed by anyone but updated by no-one opens possibilities for everything from federated identity management to aircraft part registries.

Combine Blockchain with smart devices using Trusted Execution Environments and you have the possibility of a trusted, federated digital identity.

Use cases where the lack of speed and real-time updates are less important than the secure replication of immutable ‘always available’ data among parties who all have a personal stake in keeping everybody else honest would seem the most likely to succeed.

When looking at other proposed uses, it is worth remembering that often quoted statistic: VISANet handles around 1,700 transactions per second with a theoretical limit of 56,000 while Bitcoin is currently processing between 3 and 4 with a theoretical limit of 7. There are faster Blockchains out there than Bitcoin’s but they are certainly not 600 times faster.

Also worth considering is the fact that the Bitcoin network currently has an annual power consumption comparable to that of Ireland, which is being paid for by ‘miners’ because it is backed by a cryptocurrency and it is currently profitable for them to do so.

All of this should give you pause for thought when weighing up proposals for distributed marketplaces or supply chains based on Blockchain that could operate at the scale and speed required in the travel industry.

As two prominent Blockchain tech researchers, Michael Mainelli and Alistair Milne, state in a research paper “The impact and potential of blockchain on securities transaction lifecycle“:

“Current interest in mutual distributed ledgers has established significant momentum, but there is a danger of building unrealistic expectations….Understanding of the technology lags well behind the hype….Blockchain technology seems to promise major change for capital markets and other financial services, but few can say exactly how or why.”

NB1: This is a viewpoint by Brian Lewis, CTO at OpenJaw Technologies (a TravelSky Company). A second article looking at how Blockchain works and the true origins of the original Bitcoin algorithm will be published soon.


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