AVEO Reports Full Year 2018 Financial Results and Provides Business Update
AVEO Oncology (NASDAQ: AVEO) today reported financial results for the full year ended December 31, 2018 and provided a business update.
“The results of TIVO-3, presented in February at the 2019 ASCO GU Symposium, underscore a unique activity and tolerability profile among VEGF TKIs in the treatment of kidney cancer,” said Michael Bailey, president and chief executive officer of AVEO. “We continue to believe that there is a significant potential commercial opportunity for an active and well tolerated therapy within the third plus line of therapy, particularly one that demonstrated activity in a highly refractory patient population that has received prior PD-1 treatment. We are hopeful that the positive PFS outcomes from TIVO-3 translate into an improved overall survival hazard ratio and look forward to reporting a more mature interim OS outcome in the fourth quarter of 2019.”
Presented Topline Results from TIVO-3 During an Oral Presentation at the 2019 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium. In February 2019, AVEO presented topline results from the TIVO-3 trial,
AVEO’s Phase 3 randomized, controlled, multi-center, open-label study to compare tivozanib to sorafenib in 350 subjects with refractory advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) at the
2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Genitourinary (GU) Cancers Symposium held February 14-16, 2019 in San Francisco. The results were presented during an oral presentation titled
“TIVO-3: A Phase 3, Randomized, Controlled, Multi-Center, Open-Label Study to Compare Tivozanib to Sorafenib in Subjects with Refractory Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC).” A copy of the
presentation is currently available in the Publications & Presentation section of AVEO’s website.
The presentation noted that the TIVO-3 trial met its primary endpoint of demonstrating a statistically significant benefit in median progression-free survival (PFS). Median PFS for tivozanib was also longer than sorafenib both in patients who received prior PD-1 therapy and those who received two prior VEGF TKI therapies. The secondary endpoint of overall response rate also demonstrated a statistically significant improvement for patients receiving tivozanib compared to sorafenib.
The analysis of the secondary endpoint of overall survival (OS) was not mature at the time of the final PFS analysis. As presented, the preliminary OS analysis conducted at an October 4, 2018 data cutoff date, which included additional patients previously lost to follow-up, showed a non-statistically significant difference in OS favoring sorafenib (hazard ratio: 1.12, p-value: 0.44).
Tivozanib was generally well-tolerated relative to sorafenib, with reported grade 3 or higher adverse events consistent with those observed in previous tivozanib trials. The improved tolerability of tivozanib was evident in the lower rates of dose reductions and interruptions for toxicity in patients receiving tivozanib compared to those receiving sorafenib. The most common adverse event in patients receiving tivozanib was hypertension, an adverse event known to reflect effective VEGF pathway inhibition.
- Announced NDA Timing Update. In January 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommended that AVEO not submit a New Drug Application (NDA) for tivozanib at this time using the preliminary OS results from the TIVO-3 trial. The FDA indicated that these preliminary OS results do not allay their concerns about the potential detriment in OS outlined in the Complete Response Letter dated June 6, 2013. AVEO now plans to make an NDA filing decision following the availability of more mature OS results. AVEO intends to conduct an additional interim OS analysis in August 2019, the results of which are expected to be reported in the fourth quarter of 2019.
- Data from Phase 1b Expansion Cohort of Ficlatuzumab and Cytarabine in Relapsed and Refractory AML to be Presented at 2019 AACR Annual Meeting. Data from the investigator-sponsored Phase 1b expansion cohort evaluating the safety and tolerability of ficlatuzumab, AVEO’s potent hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) inhibitory antibody, in combination with cytarabine in patients with relapsed and refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) will be presented during a poster session at the 2019 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting. The presentation, titled, “Cyfi: Results from a Phase 1b expansion cohort of anti-hepatocyte growth factor and cytarabine in relapsed and refractory AML” (abstract CT078 / 2) will be featured during a poster session (Session PO.CT03) on Monday, April 1, 2019 from 1:00-5:00pm Eastern Time.
- Entered Immuno-Oncology Clinical Supply Agreement with AstraZeneca. In December 2018, AVEO entered into a clinical supply agreement with AstraZeneca to evaluate the safety and efficacy of AstraZeneca's IMFINZI (durvalumab), a human monoclonal antibody directed against programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), in combination with tivozanib in first-line hepatocellular carcinoma, or liver cancer, in a Phase 1/2 study. AVEO will serve as the study sponsor; each party will contribute the clinical supply of its study drug and study costs will be otherwise shared equally. The Phase 1 portion of the study is expected to commence this year.
- Earned $2 Million Milestone Payment from EUSA Pharma. In November 2018, AVEO announced the triggering of a $2 million milestone payment from EUSA Pharma related to the reimbursement in Germany for FOTIVDA as a first line treatment of adult patients with advanced RCC.
- Extended Debt Facility Interest-Only Period. In December 2018, AVEO announced a six-month extension to the interest-only period under its existing amended and restated loan and security agreement with Hercules Capital, Inc. The extension was granted as a result of achieving certain predefined requirements under the agreement, including successfully meeting the primary endpoint of the TIVO-3 trial.
- Raised $7.5 Million Under the Sales Agreement with SVB Leerink, Extending Financial Runway. In February 2019, AVEO raised $7.5 million through its sales agreement with SVB Leerink. Approximately $32 million of shares remain available for future issuance and sale pursuant to the sales agreement, which was originally entered into in February 2018. AVEO believes that the proceeds generated in February 2019 through the sales agreement, together with its available cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities at December 31, 2018, and together with the extension of the interest-only period under the Hercules loan agreement, which results in deferment of principal payments, will allow it to fund planned operations into the first quarter of 2020.
Full Year 2018 Financial Highlights
- AVEO ended 2018 with $24.4 million in cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities as compared with $33.5 million at December 31, 2017.
- Total revenue for 2018 was approximately $5.4 million compared with $7.6 million for 2017.
- Research and development expense for 2018 was $20.7 million compared with $25.2 million for 2017.
- General and administrative expense for 2018 was $10.8 million compared with $9.1 million for 2017.
- Net loss for 2018 was $5.3 million, or a loss of $0.04 and $0.19 per basic and diluted share, respectively, compared with a net loss of $65.0 million for 2017, or a loss
of $0.61 per basic and diluted share.
- The 2018 net loss was partially offset by an approximate $19.9 million non-cash gain attributable to the decrease in the fair value of the 2016 private placement warrant liability that principally resulted from the decrease in the stock price that occurred within the fiscal year. In 2017, the non-cash loss attributable to the increase in the fair value of such warrant liability was $33.7 million.
AVEO believes that its $24.4 million in cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities at the end of 2018, together with the additional $7.5 million raised from sales under its sales agreement with SVB Leerink in February 2019 and together with the extension of the interest-only period under the Hercules loan agreement, which results in deferment of principal payments, would allow it to fund planned operations into the first quarter of 2020. This estimate assumes no receipt of additional milestones from AVEO’s partners, no additional funding from new partnership agreements, no additional equity or debt financings, and no sales of equity through the exercise of outstanding warrants issued in connection with the 2016 private placement or outstanding warrants issued in connection with the recent settlement of the securities class action litigation.
About Tivozanib (FOTIVDA)
Tivozanib (FOTIVDA) is an oral, once-daily, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) discovered by Kyowa Hakko Kirin and approved for the treatment of adult patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the European Union plus Norway and Iceland. It is a potent, selective and long half-life inhibitor of all three VEGF receptors and is designed to optimize VEGF blockade while minimizing off-target toxicities, potentially resulting in improved efficacy and minimal dose modifications.1,2 Tivozanib has been shown to significantly reduce regulatory T-cell production in preclinical models3 and has demonstrated synergy in combination with nivolumab (anti PD-1) in a Phase 2 study in RCC. Tivozanib has been investigated in several tumor types, including renal cell, hepatocellular, colorectal and breast cancers. In addition, a new formulation of tivozanib is in pre-clinical development for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration.
AVEO Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (the “Company” or “AVEO”) is a biopharmaceutical company seeking to advance targeted medicines for oncology and other unmet medical needs. The Company is working to develop and commercialize its lead candidate tivozanib in North America as a treatment for RCC. The Company has sublicensed tivozanib (FOTIVDA) for oncological indications in Europe and other territories outside of North America. Tivozanib is approved in the European Union, as well as Norway and Iceland, for the first-line treatment of adult patients with RCC and for adult patients who are vascular endothelial growth factor receptor and mTOR pathway inhibitor-naïve following disease progression after one prior treatment with cytokine therapy for RCC. The Company also has clinical collaborations to study tivozanib in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors in RCC and in hepatocellular carcinoma. In addition, a new formulation of tivozanib is in pre-clinical development for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration. As part of the Company’s strategy, the Company has also entered into partnerships to help fund the development and commercialization of its other product candidates. Ficlatuzumab, a hepatocyte growth factor inhibitory antibody, is currently being tested in several investigator sponsored studies jointly funded by the Company and one of its development partners for the potential treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, AML, and pancreatic cancer. The Company’s partner for AV-203, an anti-ErbB3 monoclonal antibody, is planning to initiate clinical studies in China in 2019 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and has committed to funding the development of AV-203 through proof-of-concept. The Company has recently regained the rights to AV-380, a humanized IgG1 inhibitory monoclonal antibody targeting growth differentiation factor 15, a divergent member of the TGF-ß family, for the potential treatment of cancer cachexia, and is working to initiate preclinical toxicology studies mid-2019 to support the potential filing of an investigational new drug application with the FDA. The Company is evaluating options for the development of its preclinical AV-353 platform which targets the Notch 3 pathway.
For more information, please visit the Company’s website at www.aveooncology.com.