Arcus Biosciences Presents Updated Data for Etrumadenant in Third-Line Metastatic Colorectal Cancer and New Data on its HIF-2α Program at the AACR 2021 Annual Meeting
Arcus Biosciences, Inc. (NYSE:RCUS), an oncology-focused biopharmaceutical company working to create best-in-class cancer therapies, today presented progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) data in patients with advanced metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) from the ARC-3 study at the 2021 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting. ARC-3 was a Phase 1/1b, multicenter, open-label, dose-escalation and dose-expansion study that evaluated the safety, tolerability, PK and early clinical activity of etrumadenant, the first dual adenosine A2a/A2b receptor antagonist in the clinic, in subjects with mCRC.
Additionally, Arcus presented details of its Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 2α (HIF-2α) research program, including the design of a novel series of HIF-2α inhibitors, which has resulted in the identification of molecules such as AB521, with excellent potency, selectivity, biological activity and pharmacokinetic properties suitable for further development.
ARC-3: Updated Results of Etrumadenant (AB928) + mFOLFOX-6 in Patients with Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Initial results from ARC-3 demonstrated that etrumadenant + modified FOLFOX-6 (mFOLFOX-6) in patients with mCRC was well tolerated and associated with a substantial disease control rate (DCR) across all lines of therapy, including in patients with microsatellite stable disease and RAS/BRAF-mutated mCRC1,2.
Updated data from the 3L+ cohort (median of 3 and a range of 2 to 7 prior lines), in which 87% of the patients had received prior FOLFOX, demonstrated the following:
Safety Results (n=23 safety-evaluable 3L+ patients as of the DCO of Feb. 26, 2021)
- Etrumadenant + mFOLFOX-6 was well tolerated, and etrumadenant, at the evaluated doses of 75mg and 150mg once daily (QD), did not appear to add significant toxicity to that expected for mFOLFOX-6.
- No grade 3 or above neuropathy events were observed in this heavily pretreated population.
- The most common treatment emergent adverse events (TEAEs) for the etrumadement- mFOLFOX-3 combination were fatigue (70%), thrombocytopenia (57%), diarrhea (52%) and nausea (52%).
Efficacy Results (n=22 efficacy-evaluable 3L+ patients as of the DCO of Feb. 26, 2021)
- Median progression-free survival (PFS) of 4.2 months. Reported data for current standard-of-care (SOC) therapies have shown a median PFS of 2.0 and 1.9 months for trifluridine-tipiracil and regorafenib, respectively3,4.
- Median overall survival (OS) of 13.6 months. Reported data for trifluridine-tipiracil and regorafenib have shown a median OS of 7.1 and 6.4 months, respectively3,4.
- Objective response rate (ORR) of 9.1% and an encouraging 8-week DCR of 86%. Reported data for trifluridine-tipiracil and regorafenib have shown ORRs of 1.6% and 1%, respectively 3,4.
- Patients with higher tumor mutation burden and intra-tumoral expression of CD73 demonstrated improved outcomes compared to patients with lower levels of these biomarkers, consistent with previous findings1, which may be reflective of an etrumadenant-mediated effect.
“Based on these very encouraging early results, we have advanced etrumadenant into ARC-9, a randomized Phase 2 platform study to evaluate this first-in-class molecule in combination with zimberelimab, our anti-PD-1 antibody, and FOLFOX +/- bevacizumab in second- and third-line mCRC,” said Bill Grossman, M.D., Ph.D., Chief Medical Officer of Arcus. “The results presented today, combined with our recent promising early data evaluating AB680, our small-molecule CD73 inhibitor, in pancreatic cancer, support an expanding rationale for targeting the ATP-adenosine axis to meet critical unmet needs in gastrointestinal cancers.”