Discover Financial Services Reports First Quarter Net Loss of $61 Million or ($0.25) Per Diluted Share

Nachrichtenquelle: Business Wire (engl.)
22.04.2020, 23:35  |  137   |   |   

Discover Financial Services (NYSE: DFS):

First Quarter Results

 

2020

 

2019

 

YOY Change

Total loans, end of period (in billions)

$93.0

 

$88.7

 

5%

Total revenue net of interest expense (in millions)

$2,888

 

$2,763

 

5%

Total net charge-off rate

3.27%

 

3.25%

 

2 bps

Net income/(loss) (in millions)

($61)

 

$726

 

(108%)

Diluted EPS

($0.25)

 

$2.15

 

(112%)

Discover Financial Services (NYSE: DFS) today reported a net loss of $61 million or ($0.25) per diluted share for the first quarter of 2020, as compared to net income of $726 million or $2.15 per diluted share for the first quarter of 2019.

“While our results this quarter were heavily impacted by the emerging effects of the coronavirus, I could not be prouder of the team here at Discover and the work they did protecting employees and serving our customers in these challenging times,” said Roger Hochschild, CEO and President of Discover. “We have taken decisive actions including suspending our share repurchase program, launching payment programs to support our customers, and implementing $400 million of expense reductions. I believe our digital business model, strong capital position, and robust funding channels will allow us to operate effectively during the downturn and position us well for the recovery.”

Actions taken in response to COVID-19:

  • Enabled nearly 100% of employees to work from home
  • Enhanced employee support programs
  • Funded incremental community support
  • Established "Skip-a-Payment" programs for impacted customers
  • Implemented actions to mitigate impact of pandemic on future credit performance
  • Identified $400 million of planned expense reductions
  • Suspended share repurchase program

Segment Results:

Direct Banking

Direct Banking pretax loss of $161 million for the quarter was $1.0 billion lower than pretax income for the prior year period driven by an increase in the provision for credit losses and higher operating expenses partially offset by higher net interest income.

Total loans ended the quarter at $93.0 billion, up 5% year-over-year. Credit card loans ended the quarter at $73.8 billion, up 4% year-over-year. Personal loans increased $223 million, or 3%, year-over-year. Private student loans increased $355 million, or 4%, year-over-year. The organic student loan portfolio, which excludes purchased loans, increased $719 million, or 9% year-over-year.

Net interest income for the quarter increased $93 million, or 4%, from the prior year period, primarily driven by higher average loans slightly offset by net interest margin compression. Net interest margin was 10.21%, down 25 basis points versus the prior year period. Card yield was 12.90%, a decrease of 52 basis points from the prior year period primarily driven by prime rate decreases partially offset by favorable portfolio mix. Interest expense as a percent of total loans decreased 39 basis points from the prior year period, primarily as a result of lower market rates.

The 30+ day delinquency rate for credit card loans was 2.62%, up 17 basis points year-over year and flat from the prior quarter. The credit card net charge-off rate was 3.65%, up 15 basis points from the prior year and up 24 basis points from the prior quarter. The student loan net charge-off rate was 0.68%, up 2 basis points from the prior year and down 34 basis points from the prior quarter. The personal loans net charge-off rate of 3.59% was down 94 basis points from the prior year and down 67 basis points from the prior quarter. The overall net charge-off rate was higher primarily due to the seasoning of recent years' loan growth.

Provision for credit losses of $1.8 billion increased $998 million from the prior year period driven by the impact of a higher reserve build and higher net charge-offs. The reserve build for the first quarter of 2020 was $1.1 billion, compared to a reserve build of $94 million in the first quarter of 2019. The company adopted CECL on January 1st of this year, and this quarter’s reserve build reflects the CECL reserve methodology, and an updated macroeconomic outlook.

Total operating expenses were up $129 million year-over year primarily as a result of increases in employee compensation, marketing, professional fees and information processing. Employee compensation increased as a result of higher average salaries and headcount. Marketing expenses increased as a result of higher investment in brand awareness and consideration. Professional fees increased primarily in connection with achieving a higher level of recoveries and information processing increased due to investments in technology capabilities and infrastructure.

Payment Services

Payment Services pretax income was $83 million in the quarter, up $32 million year-over-year, primarily driven by a one-time gain on the sale of an equity investment.

Payment Services volume was $63.9 billion, up 5% year-over-year. PULSE dollar volume was up 4% year-over-year, which reflects the impact of growth from existing issuers and acquirers, as well as new issuing and acquiring relationships. Network Partners volume increased by 23% year-over-year driven by AribaPay.

Share Repurchases

During the first quarter of 2020, the company repurchased approximately 4.7 million shares of common stock for $343 million. The company suspended the share repurchase program in March. Shares of common stock outstanding declined by 1.2% from the prior quarter.

Adoption of Accounting Standard for Measurement of Credit Losses

The company’s results for the first quarter 2020 reflect the January 1, 2020 effectiveness of Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments-Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments for the Company (the “ASU”). For purposes of calculating the company’s regulatory capital, the company has elected to defer recognition of the estimated impact of the ASU on regulatory capital for two years in accordance with the interim final rule adopted by federal bank regulatory agencies on March 27, 2020. Pursuant to the interim final rule, the estimated impact of the ASU on regulatory capital will be phased in over a three year period beginning in 2022.

Conference Call and Webcast Information

The company will host a conference call to discuss its first quarter results on Thursday, April 23, 2020, at 7:00 a.m. Central time. Interested parties can listen to the conference call via a live audio webcast at https://investorrelations.discover.com.

About Discover

Discover Financial Services (NYSE: DFS) is a digital banking and payment services company with one of the most recognized brands in U.S. financial services. Since its inception in 1986, the company has become one of the largest card issuers in the United States. The company issues the Discover card, America's cash rewards pioneer, and offers private student loans, personal loans, home loans, checking and savings accounts and certificates of deposit through its banking business. It operates the Discover Global Network comprised of Discover Network, with millions of merchant and cash access locations; PULSE, one of the nation's leading ATM/debit networks; and Diners Club International, a global payments network with acceptance around the world. For more information, visit www.discover.com/company.

A financial summary follows. Financial, statistical, and business related information, as well as information regarding business and segment trends, is included in the financial supplement filed as Exhibit 99.2 to the company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed today with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Both the earnings release and the financial supplement are available online at the SEC's website (http://www.sec.gov) and the company's website (https://investorrelations.discover.com).

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Such statements, which speak to our expected business and financial performance, among other matters, contain words such as “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “aim,” “will,” “may,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “likely,” and similar expressions. Such statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the company's management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this press release, and there is no undertaking to update or revise them as more information becomes available.

The following factors, among others, could cause actual results to differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements: the effect of the coronavirus disease 2019 ("COVID-19") pandemic and measures taken to mitigate the pandemic, including their impact on our credit quality and business operations as well as their impact on general economic and financial markets, changes in economic variables, such as the availability of consumer credit, the housing market, energy costs, the number and size of personal bankruptcy filings, the rate of unemployment, the levels of consumer confidence and consumer debt, and investor sentiment; the impact of current, pending and future legislation, regulation, supervisory guidance, and regulatory and legal actions, including, but not limited to, those related to tax reform, financial regulatory reform, consumer financial services practices, anti-corruption, and funding, capital and liquidity; the actions and initiatives of current and potential competitors; the company's ability to manage its expenses; the company's ability to successfully achieve card acceptance across its networks and maintain relationships with network participants; the company's ability to sustain and grow its non-card products; difficulty obtaining regulatory approval for, financing, closing, transitioning, integrating or managing the expenses of acquisitions of or investments in new businesses, products or technologies; the company's ability to manage its credit risk, market risk, liquidity risk, operational risk, compliance and legal risk, and strategic risk; the availability and cost of funding and capital; access to deposit, securitization, equity, debt and credit markets; the impact of rating agency actions; the level and volatility of equity prices, commodity prices and interest rates, currency values, investments, other market fluctuations and other market indices; losses in the company's investment portfolio; limits on the company's ability to pay dividends and repurchase its common stock; limits on the company's ability to receive payments from its subsidiaries; fraudulent activities or material security breaches of key systems; the company's ability to remain organizationally effective; the company's ability to increase or sustain Discover card usage or attract new customers; the company's ability to maintain relationships with merchants; the effect of political, economic and market conditions, geopolitical events and unforeseen or catastrophic events; the company's ability to introduce new products or services; the company's ability to manage its relationships with third-party vendors; the company's ability to maintain current technology and integrate new and acquired systems; the company's ability to collect amounts for disputed transactions from merchants and merchant acquirers; the company's ability to attract and retain employees; the company's ability to protect its reputation and its intellectual property; and new lawsuits, investigations or similar matters or unanticipated developments related to current matters. The company routinely evaluates and may pursue acquisitions of or investments in businesses, products, technologies, loan portfolios or deposits, which may involve payment in cash or the company's debt or equity securities.

Additional factors that could cause the company's results to differ materially from those described in the forward-looking statements can be found under “Risk Factors,” “Business - Competition,” “Business - Supervision and Regulation” and “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in the company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 which is filed with the SEC and available at the SEC's internet site (http://www.sec.gov) and subsequent reports on Forms 8-K and 10-Q, including the company's Current Report on Form 8-K filed today with the SEC.

DISCOVER FINANCIAL SERVICES
(unaudited, in millions, except per share statistics)
Quarter Ended
March 31,
2020
December 31,
2019
March 31,
2019
EARNINGS SUMMARY
Interest Income

$2,982

$3,039

$2,937

Interest Expense

584

615

632

Net Interest Income

2,398

2,424

2,305

 
Discount/Interchange Revenue

694

800

677

Rewards Cost

478

519

446

Discount and Interchange Revenue, net

216

281

231

Protection Products Revenue

47

48

49

Loan Fee Income

119

123

104

Transaction Processing Revenue

44

51

46

Other Income

64

17

28

Total Other Income

490

520

458

 
Revenue Net of Interest Expense

2,888

2,944

2,763

 
Provision for Loan Losses

1,807

836

809

 
Employee Compensation and Benefits

467

447

425

Marketing and Business Development

231

234

195

Information Processing & Communications

114

113

99

Professional Fees

193

214

167

Premises and Equipment

30

27

28

Other Expense

124

149

110

Total Other Expense

1,159

1,184

1,024

 
Income Before Income Taxes

(78)

924

930

Tax Expense

(17)

216

204

Net Income

($61)

$708

$726

 
Net Income Allocated to Common Stockholders

($78)

$704

$705

 
 
PER SHARE STATISTICS
Basic EPS

($0.25)

$2.25

$2.15

Diluted EPS

($0.25)

$2.25

$2.15

Common Stock Price (period end)

$35.67

$84.82

$71.16

Book Value per share

$31.55

$38.24

$34.60

 
BALANCE SHEET SUMMARY
Total Assets

$112,657

$113,996

$110,720

Total Liabilities

102,992

102,137

99,461

Total Equity

9,665

11,859

11,259

Total Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

$112,657

$113,996

$110,720

 
TOTAL LOAN RECEIVABLES
Ending Loans 1

$92,963

$95,894

$88,743

Average Loans 1

$94,501

$93,437

$89,353

 
Interest Yield

12.34%

12.52%

12.79%

Gross Principal Charge-off Rate 2

4.15%

4.00%

4.02%

Net Principal Charge-off Rate 2

3.27%

3.19%

3.25%

Delinquency Rate (30 or more days)

2.39%

2.41%

2.29%

Delinquency Rate (30 or more days) excluding Purchased Loans 3

2.38%

2.40%

2.28%

Delinquency Rate (90 or more days)

1.18%

1.15%

1.09%

Delinquency Rate (90 or more days) excluding Purchased Loans 3

1.19%

1.15%

1.10%

Gross Principal Charge-off Dollars

$975

$941

$887

Net Principal Charge-off Dollars

$769

$751

$715

Net Interest and Fee Charge-off Dollars

$178

$166

$158

Loans Delinquent 30 or more days

$2,218

$2,312

$2,030

Loans Delinquent 30 or more days excluding Purchased Loans 3

$2,189

$2,276

$1,988

Loans Delinquent 90 or more days

$1,095

$1,098

$970

Loans Delinquent 90 or more days excluding Purchased Loans 3

$1,088

$1,089

$959

 
Allowance for Credit Losses (period end) 4

$6,913

$3,383

$3,134

Reserve Change Build/(Release) 5, 6, 7

$1,069

$85

$94

Reserve Rate

7.44%

3.53%

3.53%

 
CREDIT CARD LOANS
Ending Loans

$73,811

$77,181

$70,789

Average Loans

$75,337

$74,814

$71,363

 
Interest Yield

12.90%

13.08%

13.42%

Gross Principal Charge-off Rate

4.64%

4.34%

4.40%

Net Principal Charge-off Rate

3.65%

3.41%

3.50%

Delinquency Rate (30 or more days)

2.62%

2.62%

2.45%

Delinquency Rate (90 or more days)

1.38%

1.32%

1.26%

Gross Principal Charge-off Dollars

$869

$818

$774

Net Principal Charge-off Dollars

$683

$644

$616

Loans Delinquent 30 or more days

$1,935

$2,019

$1,731

Loans Delinquent 90 or more days

$1,016

$1,020

$891

 
Allowance for Credit Losses (period end) 4

$5,306

$2,883

$2,622

Reserve Change Build/(Release) 5, 6

$756

$84

$94

Reserve Rate

7.19%

3.74%

3.70%

 
Total Discover Card Volume

$37,474

$42,794

$36,386

Discover Card Sales Volume

$33,988

$39,188

$32,899

Rewards Rate

1.40%

1.32%

1.35%

 
SEGMENT- INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES
Direct Banking

($161)

$883

$879

Payment Services

83

41

51

Total

($78)

$924

$930

 
NETWORK VOLUME
PULSE Network

$49,174

$50,037

$47,106

Network Partners

6,980

7,099

5,663

Diners Club International 8

7,737

8,831

8,278

Total Payment Services

63,891

65,967

61,047

Discover Network - Proprietary

35,180

40,579

34,051

Total

$99,071

$106,546

$95,098

1 Total Loans includes Home Equity and other loans.
 
2 Prior to adoption of ASU No. 2016-13 on January 1, 2020, net charge-offs on Purchased Credit Impaired ("PCI") loans generally did not result in a charge to earnings
 
3 Prior to adoption of ASU No. 2016-13 on January 1, 2020, Purchased loans (formerly referred to as PCI) were accounted for on a pooled basis. Since a pool was accounted for as a single asset with a single composite interest rate and aggregate expectation of cash flows, the past-due status of a pool, or that of the individual loans within a pool, was not meaningful. Because the Company was recognizing interest income on a pool of loans, it was all considered to be performing
 
4 Prior to adoption of ASU No. 2016-13 on January 1, 2020, credit losses were estimated using the incurred loss approach. Under the new current expected credit loss (“CECL”) approach, reserves are now recorded for expected losses, not simply those deemed to be already incurred, and the loss estimate period is extended to include the entire life of the loan
 
5 Prior to adoption of ASU No. 2016-13 on January 1, 2020, the allowance for credit loss included the net change in reserves on PCI pools having no remaining non-accretable difference which did not impact the reserve change build/(release) in provision for credit losses
 
6 Excludes January 1, 2020 CECL day one impact
 
7 Excludes release of the liability for expected credit losses on unfunded commitments as the offset is recorded in accrued expenses and other liabilities in the Company's condensed consolidated statements of financial condition
 
8 Volume is derived from data provided by licencees for Diners Club branded cards issued outside of North America and is subject to subsequent revision or amendment
Note: See Glossary for definitions of financial terms in the financial supplement which is available online at the SEC's website (http://www.sec.gov) and the Company's website (http://investorrelations.discoverfinancial.com).

 



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Disclaimer

Discover Financial Services Reports First Quarter Net Loss of $61 Million or ($0.25) Per Diluted Share Discover Financial Services (NYSE: DFS): First Quarter Results   2020   2019   YOY Change Total loans, end of period (in billions) $93.0   $88.7   5% Total revenue net of interest expense (in millions) $2,888   $2,763   5% Total net charge-off rate …

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