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Unconventional oil & gas
Industry insights from Marc Bruner and Ben Law

The history of unconventional drilling – Part 1

As long ago as 1950, geoscientists were aware of the resource contained in poor quality (ugly) reservoirs. Beginning in about 1975, petroleum explorationists became increasingly aware of the resource potential. Significant papers by leading petroleum geologists Masters (1979, 1984) Law, et al, (1979, 1980), McPeek (1981), and Spencer (1985, 1989), identified potentially very large resources in very tight (low-permeability and porosity) sandstone reservoirs. But it wasn’t until the early 1990’s that technology became available to exploit those ugly (unconventional) reservoirs.

1990’s – First commercial production: BCGAs (basin-centred gas accumulations)

Initially, the new technology only addressed the exploitation of very tight (porosity <14% and permeability < 0.1 md) sandstones (BCGAs) by the recognition of vertically stacked, very thick, gas-bearing sandstone sequences (>3,000 ft) such as those occurring in the Pinedale and Jonah fields in Wyoming or the Piceance basin in Colorado. In those fields the sandstones are fluvial dominated and hence were individually lenticular and volume restricted.

Consequently, commercial production was first achieved from that type of sandstone sequence in about 1990-1992 through the use of staged fractures and the co-mingling of gas in a vertically drilled hole where the net thickness of tight sandstone is greater than 400-500 feet. In some cases as many as 20 fracture stages are conducted.

Drilling a horizontal well into lenticular, volume restricted sandstones would result in a very limited flow and risk drilling out of the objective reservoir into a non-producing lithology. Well spacing in this type of unconventional hydrocarbon accumulation is close, ranging from 5 to 80 acres. Eberhard and Mullen (2004) and Jennings and Ault (2004) provide detailed information concerning drilling and completion technologies in these types of unconventional reservoirs.

January 24th, 2012
Ben Law

Keine Ahnung ob das stimmt, aber lt. Agoracom gibt es wieder konkrete Gespräche von FO in Ungarn:

Gazprom sub, NIS & Falcon JV
posted on Mar 05, 12 10:58AM (Log in to use the IP Check tool) [?]

News out that Gazprom subsidary NIS is in talks with FO to develope Hungarian oil in JV based on parity for 2013.NIS wanting to expand into Hungary,Romania,Greece.

Ist ja für uns auch gut, wenn FO und der Kurs wieder mal in die Höhe kommen.
3 Antworten?Die Baumansicht ist in diesem Thread nicht möglich.
Antwort auf Beitrag Nr.: 42.852.858 von riverstone am 05.03.12 17:37:54Hab da was gefunden:


Gazprom Neft unit mulls expansion

RBC, 05.03.2012, Moscow 17:52:26.Gazprom Neft's Serbian subsidiary Naftna Industrija Srbije (NIS) is pondering expansion into the oil and gas markets of Hungary, Romania, Croatia, as well as gaining a foothold in Greece and Angola, Alexey Ovechkin, CEO of Gazpromneft Orenburg, said in an interview with the corporate magazine. Until February 13, Ovechkin was director for upstream operations at NIS.

NIS targets to boost annual output to 5m tons of oil equivalent by 2020 from the current 1.5m tons. It expects projects in neighboring countries to source at least 50% of its total output. To achieve this goal NIS needs to aggressively invest in explorations in Serbia and neighboring countries, which the company has been doing for some time, Ovechkin added.

Specifically, NIS is in talks with international company Falcon Oil & Gas Ltd., which is licensed to explore a block in Hungary, to establish a joint venture on a parity basis. In 2013, NIS expects to start commercial production at Hungary's Kiskunhalas field, operated jointly with RAG Hungary Kft. Talks are also underway with several companies operating in Romania, including Canada's East West Petroleum, as well as with Greece's Hellenic Petroleum over offshore explorations in Greece.
2 Antworten?Die Baumansicht ist in diesem Thread nicht möglich.
Antwort auf Beitrag Nr.: 42.853.040 von riverstone am 05.03.12 18:04:46Noch was aus Agoracom:

Re: Gazprom sub, NIS & Falcon JV
in response to Gazprom sub, NIS & Falcon JV by TenSleep
posted on Mar 05, 12 12:05PM (Log in to use the IP Check tool) [?]
"Daughter" "Gazprom oil" starts working in Hungary
17.06.2011 12:27

Serbian oil company NIS, then "Gazprom oil", and the TXM Oil & Gas Exploration Kft. (TXM), a subsidiary of Canadian company Falcon Oil & Gas Ltd., signed an agreement of intent, whereby NIS acquires stake in development project located at a depth of 2.5-3.5 thousand thousand. metres of saturated hydrocarbons sandstone deposits of Al′d′ë (Algyo). This follows from a statement by "Gazprom oil". Licensed to deposit, which is 995 m2. km on the Iacs (Makó) in Hungary, owned by Falkon.

According to the document, the first phase of the joint project of the NIS must compensate for the Falcon historical costs and up to December 31, 2012, at its own expense, carry out drilling and testing three wells in the field, and will be able to receive 50% of extracted oil. The NIS and the CTC will share costs for exploration and development of oil fields in proportion to the shares of participation in the project. The operator will make to CTC.

"Implementing joint with TCM project will contribute to achieving the strategic goal of the company-an increase of up to 50 million tons of oil and gas production to 5 million oil equivalent by 2020," said the NIS Director General Kiril Kravchenko.
1 Antwort?Die Baumansicht ist in diesem Thread nicht möglich.
Antwort auf Beitrag Nr.: 42.853.706 von riverstone am 05.03.12 20:00:27Die neue Präsentation aus Februar 2012 von Falcon erhält wenig Neues....Resources Roadshow Investor Presentation....Denver, Feb 29, 2012....Catalysts for 2012 in terms of Beetaloo -- revisited:

Beetaloo – EP99 	Acquire seismic data; Potential JV 	................H2, 2012 	2.0 	........2.0 
Beetaloo – JV Area Hess completes acquisition of seismic ................Q4, 2012 40.0 ........No cost
Beetaloo – JV Area Hess elects to move forward on 2013 drilling program Q4, 2012 60 - 75 No cost

Die Abschluss-Verhandlungen mit Gazprom sub-s.ca(=Novi SAD) NIS sind vorgeplant seit Juni 2011 und sollen im März 2012 planmäßig zum Abschluss gebracht werden, ausgesprochen erfreulich für Falcon et al wenn das gelingt. Hier ziehen alle Beteiligten an einem Strang.

Very pleasant inputs River I would say, yes indeed.....and weekend not so far away....who would always long for the weekend?.....shame on me;).....kind regards, A
Auch in Australien versucht man weiterzukommen. Hier hängt aber viel von der Entscheidung seitens Hess, betreffend des weiteren Explorationsprogramms, ab. Spätestens wenn es hier das OK gibt, von dem ich ausgehe, sollte sich das auch auf unserer Kurs auswirken.


Falcon Oil & Gas Ltd. (FO), an explorer planning to drill shale prospects in Australia with Hess Corp., said it is in negotiations to form a second partnership to develop about 10 percent of its acreage in the country.

Falcon is seeking a shale specialist to fund exploration in two areas spanning about 700,000 acres of the Beetaloo Basin, Chief Executive Officer Robert Macaulay said today in a telephone interview from the company’s headquarters in Denver. The company owns permits covering 7 million acres in the basin in the Northern Territory, according to its website.

The oil and gas explorer, which holds almost 15 million acres in three projects in Australia, Hungary and South Africa, agreed to a venture with New York-based Hess (HES) last year to develop three blocks in Beetaloo. Hess, ConocoPhillips (COP), BG Group Plc (BG/) and Mitsubishi Corp. (8058) have agreed to fund shale gas exploration campaigns through ventures in Australia.

Before the Hess transaction, “we had every major in the world active in shale, all the serious players, come by to look at our data,” Macaulay said. “The opportunities in Australia are tremendous. It’s going to become more attractive.”

Hess plans to make a decision by the year-end on whether to fund a five-well drilling program that’s expected to start in 2013, he said. Any partnership accord to develop Falcon’s additional holdings in the Beetaloo region, about 600 kilometers (373 miles) south of Darwin, would probably be reached after Hess commits to the drilling plans, he said.

The five wells may cost about $50 million, Macaulay estimated, saying those expenses have yet to be determined. Hess has paid the company $20 million and agreed to fund $40 million of initial work that started last year, Falcon said in July.
Shale Potential

Falcon advanced 5.3 percent to 10 Canadian cents in Toronto trading yesterday. The shares have slumped 39 percent in the past 12 months.

Santos (STO) Ltd., Beach Energy Ltd., Senex Energy Ltd. and AWE Ltd. are among explorers with shale-gas projects in Australia. Santos is planning to drill four unconventional wells in the second half in the Cooper Basin, the country’s main source of onshore gas.

With almost 400 trillion cubic feet of estimated shale gas that may be recoverable, Australia has “major” potential in four regions, the U.S. Energy Information Administration said in April. The areas consist of the Cooper Basin straddling the South Australia and Queensland border, the Maryborough Basin in Queensland, and the Perth and Canning basins in Western Australia, according to the EIA.

To contact the reporter on this story: James Paton in Sydney at jpaton4@bloomberg.net

To contact the editor responsible for this story: Amit Prakash at aprakash1@bloomberg.net.
1 Antwort?Die Baumansicht ist in diesem Thread nicht möglich.
Antwort auf Beitrag Nr.: 42.871.093 von riverstone am 08.03.12 14:19:12Ja, sehe ich auch so, und ein weiterer SP-Katalysator ist natürlich Paltar, einstweilen ein 50%-Partner(aber 100 % >Partner;)) von Petrohunter. Aus dem Gas Today Artikel of late, den ich nocheinmal eingestellt habe vor Kurzem können wir das Bildchen zu dieser News sehr gut verwenden. Es bildet die Gesamtaera Beetaloo(Kerngebiet)(7 000 000 acres) ab ohne die Petrohunter- und Paltaraußenbezirke(links unten und rechts oben), die sich zur Zeit im Genehmigungsverfahren Down Under befinden. Blau(Shenandoah) und braun(EP99) sind die insgesamt zehn Prozent eingezeichnet, um die es in diesem neuen Bloomberg-Artikel von heute geht in Beetaloo. Für diese 700 000 acres sucht Falcon Australia einen zweiten JV-Partner..

>Falcon is seeking a shale specialist to fund exploration in two areas spanning about 700,000 acres of the Beetaloo Basin, Chief Executive Officer Robert Macaulay said today in a telephone interview from the company’s headquarters in Denver. The company owns permits covering 7 million acres in the basin in the Northern Territory, according to its website..

Zitat von aurigaThe only really relevant current article to be found in this connection for now on the Gas Today website is this one, which we really do know already. Nevertheless here it is once again. Maybe quite interesting also in association with some other companies not so far away Down Under.

Company news: Falcon, Woodside, Adelaide, APLNG, John Holland, Santos

Wed, 23 November 2011

International company Falcon Oil and Gas are hot on the heels of Beach Energy’s shale success, having successfully produced gas at each shale interval during its testing program of the Shenandoah-1 well, located in the Beetaloo Basin, Northern Territory.

Shenandoah-1 is a vertical well situated in the deepest part of the basin and natural gas was the expected hydrocarbon at the depths being tested. The well is the first to be tested in these unconventional targets, consequently the objectives of the tests were to determine whether the shale intervals could be fracture-stimulated and produce hydrocarbons, and to confirm rock, pressure and fluid properties.

As the operation has succeeded in these objectives, Falcon has said that the well will be plugged and abandoned.

Woodside has released the draft environmental impact statement (EIS) for the upstream component of the Browse LNG Development for public review.

The draft upstream EIS concerns the construction, operation and de-commissioning of all the offshore aspects of the Browse LNG Development in Commonwealth waters, including offshore processing platforms and wells, and subsea pipelines and infrastructure.
Article continues below…

Woodside will respond to submissions received during the public comment period, and these responses will be published in a supplement to the draft upstream EIS.

Adelaide Energy directors have unanimously recommended Beach Energy’s unconditional on-market takeover offer for the company.

Since gaining majority control of Adelaide Energy, Beach has increased its relevant interest in the company to 79.91 per cent.

Australia Pacific LNG (APLNG) has signed a binding Heads of Agreement with Kansai Electric Power Company for the sale and purchase of approximately 1 MMt/a of LNG for 20 years.

Under the terms of the agreement, APLNG will supply the Japanese electric utility company with LNG from its LNG facility on Curtis Island, with deliveries anticipated to commence in mid-2016.

John Holland has also been awarded a marine subcontract worth in excess of $A100 million for the APLNG Project.

Under the marine subcontract, John Holland will design and construct a new product loading facility comprising a 168 m jetty and loading platform.

Included in the contract scope is the procurement, fabrication, construction and commissioning of the structural, mechanical and electrical components of the combined marine facilities.

In additon, Santos has completed its previously announced acquisition of Eastern Star Gas Ltd giving the company the largest natural gas reserves position in New South Wales.

Santos now operates and owns 80 per cent of CSG permits formerly held by Eastern Star, increasing its total NSW reserves position to 1,216 PJ of 2P reserves and 2,238 PJ of 3P reserves. TRUenergy will own the remaining 20 per cent of the permits under a separate transaction to be completed in conjunction with the acquisition.

Image caption: A map of Falcon Oil and Gas' Shenandoah tenement.

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Categories: Asset owner - transmission, Construction - offshore , Coal seam gas, Drilling - onshore , Exploration and production, Gas producer , Jetty equipment , LNG, Offshore, Projects
Related companies

• Arrow Energy
• Beach Energy
• Eastern Star Gas
• John Holland Group Pty Ltd
• Santos
• Woodside Energy

Director of ground water studies at the University of the Free State, Dr Danie Vermeulen discusses the advantages and disadvantages of hydraulic fracturing for shale gas. Camera: Nicholas Boyd. Editing: Darlene Creamer

Shale gas could boost economy, but risks should be assessed

By: Henry Lazenby
13th March 2012

South Africa potentially boasts the fifth-largest shale gas deposit in the world, making it hard to ignore the benefits that such a significant resource could provide the country’s economy, if it is implemented and managed well, director of ground water studies at the University of the Free State, Dr Danie Vermeulen, said on Tuesday.

Speaking at a gathering of the South African Council for Natural Scientific Professions at Gallager Estate, in Midrand, Vermeulen pointed out that a number of contradicting statements were being used in arguments for, and against hydraulic fracturing, or fracking.

“Some environmentalists tend to distort or over emphasise certain facts, while leaving out other chunks of information that does not support their agendas. On the other hand, some companies interested in operating fracking activities have also been found to distort facts in ways to support their agendas of gaining access to the gas,” he told Engineering News Online.

However, owing to the act of liberating natural gas from shale rock, entailing water, sand and chemicals being pumped deep into the earth’s crust, the risk of pollution and irreparable damage is ever present.

“The risk of extracting the gas is comparable to that of underground mining operations. With such a substantial resource of natural gas being locally available, the benefits to South Africa’s economy could be substantial,” Vermeulen said.

His comments echoed what the late Tony Twine said at the release of an economic study on fracking earlier this month. The Econometrix modelling estimated fracking could add between R80-billion and R200-billion to the country’s yearly gross domestic product if only a small portion of the speculated shale resource base was exploited. Twine, who passed away over the weekend, also estimated that between 300 000 and 700 000 upstream and downstream jobs could be generated.

Vermeulen believed that fracking in the South African context would be harmless to local groundwater supplies, owing to the fact that the activity would take place at depths of between 4 km and 5 km below the surface.

“While fracking is harmless to surface organisms and humans, we have coined a new term called ‘fracktivities’, which pose a greater threat to the wellbeing of the local environment than fracturing shale at depth,” he said.

So-called Fracktivities referred to all the surface support activities, such as boring equipment, trucks and other infrastructure associated with sinking a borehole and establishing a working gas well. “If these surface activities are not managed well, the consequences could by far outweigh the risks of fracking,” he cautioned.

While the Mineral Resources Department-imposed moratorium on the issuing of new shale gas exploration licences is due to be reviewed and possibly lifted by the end of the month, Vermeulen pointed out that commercial fracking in South Africa is still about nine years away, owing to significant exploration projects still to be undertaken, followed by detailed environmental and feasibility studies to be completed before licences would be issued to start fracking operations.

“In light of the extended timeframe before fracking becomes a reality in South Africa, one could assume that technological advances in the period could further assist to reduce environmental risks,” he said.

Further, Vermeulen pointed out that boreholes are generally sunk and the shale fractured in a relatively short timeframe, with the only visible evidence of a gas well being a pipeline leading from the well to a central storage facility. When a gas well is spent, the surface area could be fully rehabilitated, although the chemicals pumped into the earth’s crust can never be removed.

Meanwhile, he said South Africa’s bid to host the Square Kilometre Array radio telescope would not be affected by fracking activities, as long as these remained 30 km away from the closest sensors.
Edited by: Mariaan Webb
Das delisting von Petrohunter in FFM-Xetra scheint mir nun doch besondere Gründe zu haben, als auch die mangelnde Kursstellung in Stuttgart. Ich wurde auch des Öfteren schon inbox hierzu angeschrieben.

Bisher war der consens dies erst einmal auf sich beruhen zu lassen um insbesondere in D PHUN eine Verschnaufpause zu geben, insbesondere in Xetra-FFM, elektronisch gehandelt, aber mit Spezialist. Ähnliches gilt für Stuttgart, wo aber durch den Skontro-Führer im traditionellen Parketthandel der Einfluss noch etwas stärker ist.

Ich habe mich gerade einmal in wesentlich harmloseren Werten als PHUN umgeschaut und diese -- ich möchte sie jetzt nicht explizieren -- werden alle -- auch teilweise total tief-- lustig weitergehandelt, obwohl teilweise auch schon aus dem Verkehr gezogen gewesen, als ein Beispiel Central Kimberley ( alles abgespeichert und belegbar)(langweilt aber jetzt nur).

In der first quotation im Freiverkehr in FFM wurden die Maßstäbe angehoben, etwa mindestens 10 cent nominal und Eigenkapital mindestens 500.000 EUR. First Quotation erfährt auch weiter Änderungen mit delisting ab Q3 2012 wie im Februar-Rundschreiben Open Market (THX conplus) von FFM mitgeteilt.

Gleichwohl trifft das nicht für PHUN zu. PHUN ist second quotation, da in erster Listung an der OTCBB respektive OTC Markets Group(die jetzt gerade FINRA Anerkennung vorbereitet)(kann ich dann auch nochmal bringen) gehandelt. Bei PHUN (und ich glaube auch bei Genta z B) wurde ein delete durchgeführt an der OTCBB, da die broker dealer zur OTC Market Group gewechselt sind. Daran kann das delisting in FFM nicht liegen, da Genta entsprechend mit EUR 0,001 respektive EUR 0,002 ( und dann auch höher) weiter gehandelt wird in FFM-Xetra.

Man darf sich also fragen wieso PHUN zur Zeit in D nicht gehandelt wird, wirklich fragen nun langsam. Das scheint mir nicht ganz in Ordnung zu sein. Hat hier jemand der Teilnehmer gekündigt?

Falls bei euch Interesse besteht dass PHUN auch wieder in D gehandelt wird, könnten wir dann doch einmal intensiveren Kontakt mit den deutschen Börsen aufnehemen. Wer PHUN in D noch hält hat sonst erst mal Schwierigkeiten.

Wäre gespannt wie ihr das sehen würdet?

PS: Die second quotation Voraussetzungen für PHUN sind an der OTCBB(immer noch nominal geführt genau wie Genta) und an der OTC Market Group (average volume 83,625 3m) gegeben.
Sehr geehrte Damen und Herren,

zentrale Rolle der Börse ist die Kapitalbeschaffung für Unternehmen der Realwirtschaft.
Durch neue Regulierungen im Finanzsektor (Basel 3, EMIR, MiFID2)
wird die Börse als Kapitalbeschaffungsplattform zur Sicherung von Wachstum,
Wohlstand und Beschäftigung weiter an Bedeutung gewinnen. Die Deutsche Börse
stellt mit ihren Primärmarktplattformen Prime Standard (PS), General Standard
(GS) und Entry Standard (ES) die effiziente und effektive Kapitalaufnahme für
deutsche und internationale Unternehmen sicher. Das wichtigste Gut hierbei ist das
Vertrauen der Investoren in die hohe Transparenz der notierten Unternehmen und
deren nachhaltige Handelbarkeit mit hoher Liquidität.

Mit dem First Quotation Board (FQB) stand seit 2008 ein weiteres Finanzierungssegment
zur Verfügung, in dem die antragstellenden Teilnehmer die Auswahl der
Emittenten übernommen haben. Anfang 2011 wurden die Anforderungen verschärft,
um zum Schutz des Kapitalmarktes und insbesondere der Anleger Marktmanipulation
und Betrug entscheidend zu erschweren. Nach Erkenntnissen der
Deutschen Börse, der Hessischen Börsenaufsicht sowie der Bundesanstalt für
Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht ist es trotz straf- und aufsichtsrechtlicher Maßnahmen,
der engen Einbindung der Antragsteller und der Verschärfungen der
Einbeziehungsvoraussetzungen weiterhin zu massiven und häufigen Verdachtsfällen
auf Marktmanipulation gekommen. Daher plant die Deutsche Börse das First
Quotation Board (FQB) in seiner jetzigen Form zu schließen. Um den Anlegern
jedoch die Möglichkeit zu geben, ihre Aktien noch über die Börse zu veräußern,
wird die Einstellung des Segments voraussichtlich im dritten Quartal 2012

Mit den Segmenten Prime Standard (PS) und General Standard (GS) im
Regulierten Markt sowie dem Entry Standard (ES) im Freiverkehr stehen
Unternehmen maßgeschneiderte Transparenzniveaus zur Kapitalaufnahme zur
Verfügung. Unternehmen, die derzeit im First Quotation Board sind und die die
jeweiligen Eingangsvoraussetzungen und Folgepflichten erfüllen, stehen diese
drei Segmente grundsätzlich offen.

Um die Einbindung der Emittenten nachhaltig zu verbessern, werden zudem die
Regeln des Entry Standard (ES) verschärft. Der Zugang zum Entry Standard wird
künftig immer ein öffentliches Angebot und damit einen Prospekt voraussetzen.
Darüber hinaus werden auch die Folgepflichten verschärft und der Emittent direkt
zu deren Erfüllung verpflichtet. Hinzu kommt, dass der begleitende Handelsteilnehmer
bei der Einbeziehung von Aktien in den Entry Standard (ES) künftig auch
entsprechend § 32 Abs. 2 BörsG den Status eines Kreditinstitutes bzw. eines
Finanzdienstleistungsinstituts aufweisen muss.

Zukünftig werden im übrigen Quotation Board (QB) neben Anleihen nur noch
Aktien einbezogen (wie im bisherigen Second Quotation Board (SQB)), die ein
Listing an einem anderen von der Deutschen Börse anerkannten in- oder ausländischen
börsenmäßigen Handelsplatz haben. Der Spezialist stellt hier die Handelbarkeit
des Wertes sicher, indem er Liquidität spendet und die Verpflichtung
übernimmt, Kapitalmaßnahmen und andere relevante Informationen der Deutschen
Börse unverzüglich mitzuteilen. Zukünftig wird hier der Spezialist die Rolle des
Antragstellers übernehmen.

Wir sind davon überzeugt, mit den geplanten Maßnahmen die Transparenz,
Qualität und Effizienz des Gesamtmarktes zu wahren und weiter zu verbessern und
damit die nachhaltige Kapitalaufnahme und die Handelbarkeit sicherzustellen. Die
genaue Ausgestaltung der Regularien werden wir im Verlauf des ersten Quartals
2012 erarbeiten und kommunizieren. Wir gehen nach derzeitiger Planung davon
aus, dass eine finale Umsetzung der Marktneusegmentierung zum Ende des dritten
Quartals 2012 in Kraft treten wird.

Bei Fragen steht Ihnen das Listing-Team unter der Telefonnummer
+49-(0) 69-2 11-1 35 55 gerne zur Verfügung.


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